Parks Canada

Parks Canada

Government agency mandated to protect nationally significant examples of Canada’s natural and cultural heritage, as well as foster public understanding and enjoyment to ensure ecological integrity.

Location / Topography:

The territory covered by Parks Canada includes land in all 13 Canadian provinces and territories. Spanning 9,984,670 km², Canada contains over 1/3 of the world’s forest cover and has the world’s longest coastline of 202,080 kilometers.

Boreal forests cover much of the country, and many magnificent mountain ranges such as the Rocky Mountains are found here. The terrain is mainly flat in the central Prairies, and the East is comprised of lowlands near the Great Lakes and a few mountainous regions. Ice and snow are characteristic of the northerly Arctic regions as well as in the mountains, and much of world’s fresh water reserves are contained here.

The climate varies throughout the country with hot summers and harsh winters in the interior, and in certain areas snow can cover the ground for more than 6 months. The North experiences subarctic and arctic climates, the West coast enjoys a year-round temperate climate, while the East coast is more variable.

Parks Canada has been an FTS customer since 1990.

Network Description

Parks Canada’s network consists of a mix of fixed and portable deployments, and a subset are also used for avalanche monitoring. All of the stations provide data to Environment Canada for climate monitoring and weather forecasting.

Number of FTS Stations:


Fire indices used:
CFFDRS (Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System), as well as other modeling programs
  • GOES satellite system
  • UHF/VHF analog radio
  • Digital cellular
  • Landline modem
  • Ultrasonic wind speed / direction
  • Air temperature / relative humidity
  • Rain gauge
  • Barometric pressure
  • Ultrasonic snow depth

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